Repairing Small Holes In Drywall
Patching and repairing small holes in drywall is something nearly every homeowner will face sometime. Repairing small holes in drywall is not difficult, Patching even the largest holes in drywall is within the abilities of nearly every homeowner.
Fixing holes in drywall can be divided into three categories; small holes up to 2 inches in size or smaller, medium size holes 3 or 12 inches and large holes any thing bigger than 12 inches repairing large holes in drywall. The diameter of hole size that needs to be repaired has everything to do with the way it is patched, and finished. There are many proposed methods of treating these repairs in the wallboard. But by sticking to proven methods you are far ahead.
Tools and Materials
- Utility knife
- drywall hole saw
- 6 inch drywall joint knife
- Joint compound
- Drywall Drill with Philips-head
- Drywall screws (1 1/4 inch)
- Scrap piece of drywall
- Scrap piece of wood 1″ x 2″
- Drywall sanding block
- Drywall mod
- Drywall tape
You can get any of the tools materials you will need to fix small holes in drywall at any hardware or home improvement store like Home Depot or Lowe's.
Repairing a small hole
Small holes in drywall, the size of a pencil or smaller take a piece of sanding paper or steel wool, stuff it in and around the hole so that it's just beneath the surface of the wall, then hit it with joint compound. After it dries you may need to put more drywall over the spot to even it out. This is by far the easiest and usually the best way
Repairing holes 2 to 12 inches
- With the framing square, or simply by eyeballing it, draw a square around the hole. Square up the hole using a utility knife or a drywall cutting saw. Make the hole about 1 inch bigger than the existing hole. Cut away any stray, loose paper parts around the hole to be repaired. If any chunks of drywall are hanging, remove them as well.
- Install a wood backer support inside the wall behind the hole. This can be made from any piece of scrap wood you have lying around. A scrap piece of plywood or pine because it is easy to cut and easy to screw into. Cut the backer as wide as possible so it will insert into the hole but be long enough to extend at least 2 inches beyond the edges of the hole. If the hole in 4 inches by 4 inches cut the backer strep 3 inches by 6 or 7 inches. If the hole is 4 inches or smaller you only need a single backer strep. For larger holes, use two, one near each opposite edge, to add more strength.
- Now check inside the hole to make certain there are no wires, pipes, or other obstructions that will be in the way. Then, insert your piece of backer strep into the hole behind the drywall on the top and bottom. Make certain the piece is centered vertically in the hole. Secure the piece by holding it with one hand and installing drywall screws. If the hole is too small to get your hand inside, you can place a temporary screw in the center to use as a handle. If the hole is larger than 4 inches Install 2 peace's of backer strip one on each side of the hole and secure and screw it to the drywall using drywall screws.
- Cut a piece of drywall slightly smaller than the hole so it fits easily into the hole, put the scrap drywall in place and screw it to the backer.
- Apply drywall mesh tape over the seams. Put some drywall compound into all the cracks, working it deeply into the cracks so it pushes through the to the other side of the dry wall. Smooth out the surface let the compound dry for 12 to 24 hours, then sand.
- After the first coat is completely dry, using a taping knife as a scraper, knock down any burrs or high spots on the first coat. Take your 12 inch taping knife and put it on the center of the patch. See if the knife rocks back in forth or if there is kind of a hollow spot. If it looks like it's still humped, you need to build up each side with the 2nd coat. If it looks like it's hollow, you need to fill in the middle area.
- Spread on a nice bed of mud on each side of the tape. Don't worry if you can't get it perfect. Smooth out the joint compound, feathering its edges about 2 to 4 inches on each side beyond the first coat.
- Let this coat dry completely, about 8 to 24 hours. When the second coat is thoroughly dry, sand lightly to smooth out any bumps.
- Next, use a wide (8- to 12-inch) joint-compound taping knife to completely cover the patch with a third and final coat. Try to blend this coat as seamlessly as possible onto the wall surface.
- Let the patch dry over night than sand lightly, if you are using texture now is the time to do any texturing let it dry and paint over the patch with primer.
- Let the primer dry than apply touch up paint to the patch.
Remember this page is for repairing small holes in drywall. For larger holes check out Repairing large holes in drywall
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