Installing Kitchen Cabinets
Installing kitchen cabinets? It's easier than ever to install or replace your cabinets and a much less expensive if you do the installation yourself. Learn how to replace your old cabinets with these easy step-by-step directions.
Before buying kitchen cabinets and installing, precise measurements are essential otherwise you may have empty or unutilized spaces, cabinets may not fit, or there may be interference between a cabinet door or drawers.
Any home improvement center or lumberyard that sells factory built cabinets will help you design your kitchen cabinet layout. Make a drawing of your kitchen floor plan complete with exact appliance locations and exact room dimensions, including all window and door locations. Take this drawing with you when you go shopping for your new kitchen cabinets and they will de glad to help you layout your cabinets.
Tools you well need
- drill bits
- air nailer
- measuring tape
- saber saw
- level 2, 4 & 6 foot if possible
- Flathead screwdriver
- Phillips screwdriver
- Pry bar
- circular saw
- Tape Measurer & Pencils
- Screws 1 inch to 3 inch
- Stud Finder
- Chop Saw
You can get any of the tools materials on the list at any hardware or home improvement store like Home Depot or Lowe's.
Installing new kitchen bass cabinets
I well start by installing the base cabinets first than move on to installing the wall cabinets or upper cabinets.
When your cabinets arrive, open up the boxes immediately and confirm that each cabinet matches the one on the plan, all the parts are included and there's no damaged cabinets.
- To began installing your new kitchen cabinets. Look for the highest spot on the floor anywhere a cabinet will sit. To find that spot use a 6 ft long level or a straight 8 ft. long 2x4 and a 4 ft. level. Put the 2x4 on the floor with the level on top about 1 ft. away from the wall and shim the 2x4 until it's level. Then mark the highest spot on the floor and repeat near any other walls that'll have cabinets. Continue until you find the highest spot. If you have two high spots, rest the board on both and find the highest one. Measure up the wall behind that spot exactly 34-1/2 in. (standard cabinet height) and mark the wall at that point. Using that mark as a starting point, draw a level line along the walls wherever base cabinets are planned.
- Draw vertical lines to mark each cabinet location, label each cabinet's position on the wall. Use a stud finder to find and mark all off the studs, put any marks you make on the wall low enough that the cabinet well cover them.
- Check your cabinet layout by "dry-fitting" all the base cabinets, starting with the corner ones, and setting all the cabinets in place as tightly together as possible. The corner cabinets determine where the rest of the cabinets go. That's especially true with lazy Susan corner cabinets, which have face frames facing two directions and have to meet adjoining cabinets perfectly. With the cabinets in place, check to make sure drawers and doors clear one another, appliance openings are the proper widths and sink bases center under windows above.
- Next, remove the shelves, drawers and doors and mark them and their matching cabinets with numbered masking tape to save time and confusion later. Save all of the screws and hinges in a bag or container so you do not loose then. Then move the cabin so you can start installation.
- If you have a lazy Susan or a corner cabinet in your project, that's where the installation needs begins. If not, start at an end unit.
- Lazy Susan base cabinets have a rotary shelf system, and the back wraps around in a three-quarter circle rather than a sharp 90% corner. This type of construction is less affected by wall irregularities, but it doesn't provide full support for a countertop. To compensate, you need to attach two 1x4 peace of wood to the walls, fastening them to the studs. for countertop support. Use the base cabinet level line as your reference. If you're installing a square-back or blind corner cabinet, you can skip this step.
- Because the back of lazy Susan corner cabinet doesn't extend to the wall, you need to secure it by connecting it to adjacent cabinets. Set the first unit next to the lazy susan and shim underneath to align and level them. As soon as they lined up, clamp the cabinets together at the face frames standard bar clamps will work to pull the frames of two cabinets together, and align them flush with each other. To fasten the two cabinet together, pre drill two holes in the cabinet face frame where the two cabinet are clamped together, one near the top and one near the bottom. Than screw the two cabinets together. Now repeat this process on the other side of the lazy susan.
- Dry fit the cabinets into place and check for level across the top side to side and front to back. If needed, shim until level. Now, predrill through the top framing piece on the back of the cabinet into the wall studs and secure the cabinet into place with screws. Re-check level after securing the cabinet.
- Repeat this process until all of the base cabinets are installed. Making sure you leave the right size spacing for all of the appliances.
Installing the new kitchen wall cabinets
- The first thing you have to do is find the height or the bottom of your wall cabinets, most wall cabinet are from 18'' to 20" off the countertop. Your bottom kitchen cabinets should be level, so just put a mark about 20'' to 22'' up from your cabinets and you should be in good shape. Using this mark, take a level and a pencil and draw a line on all of the walls the upper cabinets are going on. If you have a pantry cabinet or broom cabinet, one that goes from the floor to the top of the wall cabinets. You well need to find the height of your wall cabinets. Than put your level line down form the top of pantry cabinet that same distance so the top of all the cabinets are the same.
- Screw a 2 by 4 to the wall just below the level line, make sure you find the wall studs and screw the 2 by 4 to the wall studs. The 2 by 4 is going to be holding the cabinets until you fasten them to the wall.
- Place a corner cabinet on the temporary straight 2 by 4; make sure it is level. Find and mark the wall studs inside the cabinet about 2 inches down from the top of the cabinet and about 2 inches up from the bottom.
- Position the next cabinet on the temporary straight 2 by 4; snug against the first; make sure it is level. Clamp together face frames of adjacent cabinets; counter bore and pre drill a 3/16-inch pilot holes through the inside edge of one face frame to the other. Use a 2 inch screw to fasten the edge of one face frame to the other, Than drill 3/16-inch pilot holes through the back of the cabinet into wall studs. Drive 2 1/2-inch roundhead screws into the pilot holes. Make sure you get two screws in every stud.
- These steps are repeated for all of the cabinet units: placing the cabinet, leveling, pre-drilling and then securing to the adjoining cabinet with wood screws.
- Then re-hang the cabinet doors and make a few minor adjustments on the hinges to ensure that the doors hang and open properly. Now replace all of the drawers and shelves in the cabinet they came from.
Buyers can buy pre-built "stock" kitchen cabinets for fast delivery which usually arrive in a week or less. In contrast, custom-made cabinets can have longer delivery times, up to 4 to 6 weeks. Cabinets can be purchased from specialty retailers, kitchen remodelers , on-line retailers, and ready-to-assemble furniture manufacturers or home improvement centers like Home Depot, Lowe's or Menard's.
More Info On Cabinets
Some installers offer a package deal from measurement, to construction, to installation. kitchen cabinets are sometimes delivered in fully assembled form. Inspect carcasses carefully before installation, since defects are difficult to repair after installation. Ready-to-assemble furniture cabinets are lower-in-cost and are delivered in a flat box.
Kitchens are larger and have more cabinets; some kitchens may have as many as fifty drawers and cabinet doors. New features today include deep drawers for cookware, pull-out shelves to avoid excess bending Sponge trays on the front of sink cabinets, pullout hideaway garbage/recycling containers, pull-out spice cabinets, lazy susans in corner cabinets. Vertical storage for cookie sheets, full-extension drawer slides. Drawers and doors with so-called soft-close/positive-close mechanisms enabling drawers to shut quietly, or which shut fully after being pushed only partially.
Kitchen cabinets are an important part of a kitchen because they set the style, create a mood, and have functionality. Cabinets can be one of the biggest investments in your house. Since kitchen cabinets are the biggest item in your budget for kitchen remodeling, Look for good brand name like, KraftMaid Thomasville Merillat Cabinets American Woodmark Wellborn Cabinets. You don't have to install the most expensive cabinets but stay away from the cheap cabinets, this is one of the times that you get what you pay for.
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